American Brittany Spaniel

American Britanny SPanielAmerican Brittany Spaniel History:

The name “Brittany” was coined from Brittany region in northwestern France where the breed originated.  It was grown as gundogs which compliment with its brain to hunt for birds. The first record of Brittany by Reverend Davies in 1850 described it as a hunting dog. It was first recognized as a breed in 19907, and the orange and white male called as “Boy” was registered in France. America recognized the Brittany as a breed in 1931 and was commended by the American Kennel Club in 1934.  However, in 1982, the “Spaniel” was officially removed from the name. The Brittany was first shown at the Paris Dog Show in 1900.


A Brittany has good physical traits of a good dog hunter such as athletic, compact, energetic, and solid without being heavy. Its head has an average size. its ears  are  floppy  which is signals for intelligence, vigor, and alertness, and flexibility, and longevity.

Most Brittanys commonly have short tails. Others can be born with long tails which have length of 3–10 centimeters (1.2–3.9 in)

The American Brittany has coat color that varies from an orange and white coat or liver and white. Other colors include orange roan and liver roan. In some American Brittanys, their coat color expresses tri-color of liver, orange, and white with very specific color placement.


The Brittany is easily trained and has a sweet nature that makes it a good breed dog for hunting. The breed is also sensitive to follow directions and cues from the hunter. If the breed is not exposed to socialize and trained to be friendly at its younger stage, it can become very shy.

Brittany is an excellent companion at home and in the field. It is anxious to please others, friendly, quick learner, and loyal to owners.   It is full of energy and requires, at least, an hour of intensive exercise every day. It keeps its strong hunting instincts in all bloodlines.


American Brittany Spaniel is usually healthy and hardy dogs. The median lifespan for Brittanys in France is 12.6 years.  A UK Kennel Club survey records the breed’s median lifespan at 12 years 11 months, which is  about 1 in 5 dogs dying of old age at an average of 14–15 years.  It has no undercoat and requires minimal grooming or bathing.  In contrast, its floppy ears should be cleaned regularly since they have the tendency to trap moisture in the ear canal.

Hip dysplasia is the common disease in the breed with 14.9% in the population. Between 1974 and 2009 the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals reported that lesser rate of 10.3% experience the hip dysplasia for dogs born from 2003 to 2004. The breed is enlisted among dog breeds that are affected with Canine discoid lupus erythematosus. Another disease is Epilepsy that affects the health of dog breed.