Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

CavalierCavalier King Charles Spaniel History:

The first Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed standard was created, based on a dog named ‘Ann’s Son’ owned by Mostyn Walker. After the setback caused by the second world war, their number increased again in 1945, and they are recognized as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Their country of origin is the United Kingdom. The American Kennel club recognized them in 1995.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s coat is silky in moderate length. It’s possible colors are white with rich chestnut markings, black with tan highlights, chestnut all-over (ruby), and tricolor (black and white with tan markings). They have smooth undocked tails.


The breed is ideal to be domesticated in houses with more than one breed of dog because Cavaliers have traits such as highly affectionate, playful, extremely patient, and eager to please. They love to be cuddled on a cushion or lap.  Their sweet and gentle natures make them excellent therapy dogs. Adapting to an environment, family, and location, whether in the city or country life, is not a problem at all. Being sporty and active, a regular exercise just like taking long walks is needed and appreciated by this breed.


Cavaliers can have an average weight between 10 to 18 pounds while its height can be between 12 to 13 inches. This breed often suffers from a genetic disorder such as the early-onset of mitral valve disease (MVD) which leads to heart failure. They can also be affected by eye problems such as cataracts and retinal dysplasia. Other health problem can cause ear irritation which is known as Primary Secretory Otitis Media (PSOM).  This is described as highly viscous mucus that plugs in the dog’s middle ear and can cause infection to the tympanic membrane.  In consequence, Cavaliers with PSOM can suffer from pain and other sensations in the head and neck areas.  PSOM has been reported exclusively in Cavaliers.