Cocker Spaniel

AmericanCockerSpaniel_wbCocker Spaniel History:

The Cocker Spaniel is a well-known breed of gun dog. The Cocker Spaniel is active, good-natured, and a sporting dog which is as considered as “field” or “working” cockers and “show” cockers.  Outside the US, the breed is commonly called as the Cocker Spaniel, which is linked to the American Cocker Spanier.  The word “cocker” is rooted from its use to hunt woodcock.  A variety of spaniel which shares similar features with its American cousin, the American Cocker Spaniel, although it is more closely related to  the Field Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel.

Appearance:

The Cocker Spaniel has sturdy, compact, and well-balanced features. It has characteristics showing intelligence and alertness. Its eyes can be dark and its lobular ears can reach the tip of the nose when pulled forward.

The male can gain an average height between 15.5 and 16 inches (39 and 41 cm) and the females with an average height 15 and 15.5 inches (38 and 39 cm). Both male and female of the breed weigh approximately 13 to 14.5 kilograms (29–32 lb.).

The Cocker Spaniel has a resemblance to the English Springer Spaniel at first glance. However, a closer look at both breeds will allow you to find the major difference in size, in which Springer is larger than the Cocker of the Springer. Also, English Cockers tend to have longer and lower-set ears than with the English Springers.

Cockers can possess a variety of colors which come in solid, particolored, and roan types of markings.  For instance, their colors consist of black, liver with brown pigmentation, red with black or brown pigmentation, and golden with black or brown pigmentation.

Temperament:

Cockers are valued as excellent family pets because they are compassionate, determined, kind, intelligent, athletic, alert, and resilient. The breed is very affectionate that it will naturally cleave to someone who feeds it. Its extreme loyalty is a reflection of optimism, intelligence and adaptability. As a result, it is recognized as the  18th rank in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs.  It has been given a nickname of “merry cocker” since Cockers are continuously wagging their tail as an expression of true happiness.

Health:

Cocker Spaniels in the UK and USA/Canada can reach an average lifespan of 11 to 12 years. The English Cocker Spaniel typically lives about a year longer than the smaller American Cocker Spaniel.

According to the UK Kennel Club 2004 survey, the most leading causes of death were cancer (30%), old age (17%), cardiac (9%), and “combinations” (7%).  Then in 1998 and 2002 USA/Canada Health Surveys highlighted the common causes of death that were accounted to old age (40%) and to cancer (22%). For health issues with English Cockers, they can suffer from bite problems, skin allergies, shyness, cataracts, deafness (affecting 6.3% of the dogs of this breed), hostility towards other dogs, and benign tumors.