English Springer Spaniel

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English Springer Spaniel History:

The English Springer Spaniel belongs to the Spaniel family which is a breed of gun dog and is trained for flushing and retrieving game. The term springer is connected to its historic hunting role, in which the dog would “spring” when or flush like birds into the air. This breed also has the greatest divergence between working and show lines of any breed of dog. They share similar features with the Welsh Springer Spaniel and their lineage descended from the Norfolk or Shropshire Spaniels of the mid-19th century. In 1902, English Springer Spaniel was named to be a distinct breed by the Kennel Club of England. They are used as sniffer dogs on a widespread basis. With this breed dog exhibits a sensitivity for the sense of smell, hunting ability, and response to training. The English Springer Spaniel ranks 13th in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs.


The English Springer Spaniel has a medium-sized compact body. Its coat is moderately long with feathering on the legs and tail.  A field-bred dog and a show-bred dog appear to be different breeds but are registered together.

The English Springer Spaniel field-bred dogs are shorter and possess coarser coats than the show-bred dogs. The ears are less drooping. Field-bred dogs are muscular and have more of a wild look than those bred for showing. Males in the show dog line average approximately 18 to 20 inches (46 to 51 cm) and an average weight on 50 to 55 lb (23 to 25 kg). Based on the UK Breed Standard, the English Springer Spaniel should be 20 inches (51 cm) at the withers. The females should be 17 to 19 inches (43 to 48 cm) and usually 35 to 45 lb.(16 to 20 kg). Depending on the working types of this dog line, it can be lighter in weight and finer in bone.


It is a balanced dog marked with a gentle expression and a friendly wagging tail. In this breed, it is inherent to be very affectionate and spirited with excitement. For instance, a field-bred dog is shy or somewhat reserved while the modern dog show is full of energy to keep up with its speed or stamina to succeed in a field trial.

The typical Spaniel is friendly, sociable, and obedient. The dog line has to be trained to be friendly to others while young because it has a tendency to be very loyal to their masters. In most cases, it is naturally affectionate and easy-going family dog. If you are looking for an alert and attentive hunting companion, Spaniel is highly recommended. It is a sociable breed that enjoys the company of children and handles the company of other pets well. Playing in water is one of its favorite things to do whenever it gets a chance.


The breed dog has an average lifespan of 12 to 14 years.    Three reported the reported health problems include hip dysplasia, a malformation of the hip joints that leads to arthritis, and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), which is a degeneration of the retina causing vision loss leading to blindness.