It is believed that Basset Hound originated from Frances as a mutation in the litter’s of Norman Staghounds, a descendant of the St. Hubert’s Hound. It became popular during the reign of Emperor Napoleon III and it attained international attention during the first exhibition of dogs in Paris last 1863. It is imported to England as early as the 1870s whereas the first breed standard for what is known as the Basset Hound was made in Great Britain at the end of 19th century and it was updated last 2010.
Basset Hound’s coat is medium-short, smooth and hard, and sheds frequently. The coat color is generally black, white and tan tricolor or tan/lemon and white (bi-color) but any recognized hound colors are acceptable. They are large, short, solid and long, with curved saber tails held high over their long backs. They have short legs due to dwarfism in which they cannot hold themselves too long in water, but their legs are deceiving because they are long and can reach things on table tops that other dogs of similar height cannot. The weight is about 20 to 35 kilograms (44-77 pounds) and the height is between 11 to 15 inches (28-38cm).
Basset Hound breed is devoted, gentle, tenacious, friendly, sweet-tempered, affectionate, outgoing and a very playful dog. It can be extremely tolerant of children and other pets and considered a vocal breed. It also was bred to hunt. Its keen nose and short stature are suited to small-game hunting on foot, and it enjoys running in a pack.
The life span of a Basset Hound is about 10-12 years. Due to their short stature, if they fall too far, they can hurt their hips, injure their spine or break a leg. And these damages can be permanent if it hit a puppy. Because of their large pendulous ears, air is not allowed to circulate inside them, which can result to infections and ear mites if not kept clean and dry. Because of their droopy eyes, the area under the eyeball will collect dirt and become clogged with a mucus. They should be fed with high-quality dog food and not with table scraps.