It was believed that the ancestor of the Welsh Corgi is a Welsh cattle dog. However, there is no evidence for this.
There are many folklore stories as to how this corgi came about. One says that it is picked by woodland fairy warriors. On the other hand, another story says that they are a gift from the woodland fairies. Thus, the marking of the breeds is then left on its coat by fairy harnesses and saddles. In 1925, corgis first appeared in a show ring in Wales.
There are 2 different kinds of Welsh Corgi, Pembroke, and Cardigan. Cardigans are bigger than Pembroke. They have large rounded ears and a foot long foxy flowing tail. In addition, they also have more colors than the Pembroke. Its outer coat is dense and the texture is somewhat harsh. As for its undercoat, it is short, soft and thick. When in a standing position, it is 12 inches at the shoulder and weighs around 30 pounds.Pembroke, on the
other hand, has pointed ears and smaller in size. Their heads look like a fox and their tails are short.
Whether it is a Cardigan or Pembroke Welsh Corgi, they are both very active and energetic. They have a very strong eagerness to please. As a result, they should be worked out physically and mentally on a regular basis. Since they have a tendency to be shy and cautious with strangers and with other dogs, they should be trained to mingle at an early age. In this fashion, they can be very articulate. Consequently, they can be good alarm dogs. Welsh Corgis are usually good with children. Due to their herding behavior, however, they have the possibility to bite on their heels while playing. The good news is, the dog can still be trained not to do it.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has fewer known hereditary problems. On the other hands, Cardigan and Pembroke are more likely to encounter canine hip, dysplasia, canine degenerative myelopathy and progressive retinal atrophy compared to other breeds in their group. Persistent papillary membrane (PPM) is an eye disease that appears in a few number of Pembrokes. It happens when bits and pieces of development membrane stay still. The size ranges from small spots to large connected threads.
Regardless of the case, Cardigan Welsh Corgis have a life expectancy of 12-14 years. On the other hand, Pembroke Welsh Corgis live anytime between 12 to 15 years.